vocabularies and dialects of the more prominent languages which have replaced them. A few languages have escaped this process, such as Icelandic, which still closely resembles Old Norse. But Iceland had no indigenous population before the Norse settlers who discovered and inhabited the island in the Viking Age.
the first century. Today we still have many words in the English language with Latin origins and that is why there is so much of our vocabulary that looks and
sounds similar to words in French, Spanish and Italian – because these languages also derived from Latin.
meaning ‘first’. In French the word is premiere (which we also use in English); it’s primero in Spanish; and primo (m) or prima (F) in Italian.
scuola. In French and Spanish école and escuela respectively.
British from, what is today, southern Denmark and northern Germany, bringing with them Germanic language influences, especially in terms of grammatical
structure. These tribes eventually displaced most of the Romano-Briton population, and the country became known as Anglaland – then Angleland – and eventually England. The language has become known as Old English, but many words survived from the Roman age and became anglicised.
century. As these raiders began to settle and integrate into Angleland, new words from Old Norse were added to the melting pot of the evolving English language.
Old Norse is actually quite similar to Old English but we do have many really common words which we owe to Old Norse – the verbs get, give, take and call for
example; and nouns such as egg, plough, cake, husband and sister.
kingdom of England in battle in 1066. This was followed by the great Plantagenet kings of the early Middle Ages, beginning with King Henry II, son of a French noble. So, for over 300 years Norman French was the language of the kings, queens and upper classes of English society while the main population spoke Old English. Words like restaurant, prestige and silhouette are all of French origin; and expressions like déjà-vu, avant-garde or a la carte.
Aug 23, 2022 | English | No Comments